Gender and Livelihoods Study - Oxfam in Algeria

Terms of Reference Gender and Livelihoods Study - Oxfam in Algeria
1. Context
Oxfam in Algeria is committed to promoting the social and economic resilience of women and youth through improving food security and self-reliance. Oxfam has worked in livelihoods programming since 2016 in the Sahrawi refugee camps, with a particular focus on increasing access of refugee families to agricultural production. Currently, staff are working to support 1,100 families to strengthen their small-scale and agro-ecological farming. At the same time, 125,000 refugees who are food insecure or vulnerable to food insecurity receive rations of fresh vegetables over the summer months when access to produce is most challenging, as well as a special distribution of gluten-free flour to the celiac population (around 800 persons) over a twelve-month period. In addition to working to ensure a minimum nutritional diversity for Sahrawi refugees, Oxfam also seeks to strengthen social cohesion through improving resilience and promoting gender justice.
As part of its commitment to promote gender justice, Oxfam in Algeria is conducting a gender and livelihoods study. The gender study is designed to better understand different challenges, experiences and hopes of women and men in the context of Oxfam’s livelihoods programming. With this knowledge, Oxfam seeks to better promote gender justice in the camps, to improve its gender-sensitive approach to projects and to inform a gender justice strategy. 
2. Overview of Gender and Livelihoods Study
Language of the consultant
Required: Arabic + English or French
Research conducted in 3 Sahrawi refugee camps, outside Tindouf, Algeria
The research is expected to take up to 8 weeks including: document review; methodology reviewed and validated internally; field visits in Sahrawi refugee camps; finalisation of first draft; internal review and validation process; final draft approved.
Target Group
The research will cover the following target groups:
- 300 participants in ongoing agricultural projects
- Households and communities of the same 300 participants
- 200 participants in 2016 and 2017 hydroponics projects (WFP-funded)
Strengthening an understanding of gender dynamics and gender inclusion regarding livelihoods in the context of the Sahrawi refugee camps
Guiding Questions
Guided by Oxfam’s commitment to minimum gender standards in humanitarian settings, this research is expected to answer the following questions within the Sahrawi refugee camps context:
- Do women tend to participate in Oxfam’s agricultural programming more than men? Why?
- Are there any gender differences in regard to the livelihoods that women and men tend to pursue? Why?
- What personal, cultural, systemic challenges do women and men face in regard to livelihoods?
- What are the existing and needed skills and capacities of women and men in regard to livelihoods?
- What are the attitudes and experiences of women and men regarding the division of work both inside and outside of the house?
- What is the experience of women and men in managing the household budget?
- How are households impacted when women and men participate in livelihoods programs (reference power dynamics, decision making, and redistribution of care work)?
- How do communities perceive women and men who partake in livelihood activities?
- What are challenges to the sustainability of livelihood initiatives for women and men?
- What missed opportunities or innovative ideas can be identified to be taken forward in future projects?
- Research paper in Arabic and English or French which includes both findings and recommendations
- Recommendations to be geared towards (i) current project activities, (ii) Oxfam in Algeria’s Gender Justice strategy which will be developed after the gender study, (iii) gender training materials for staff and partners
- PowerPoint Presentation to summarise key messages from the research paper
- Presentation in Rabuni of findings to stakeholders working in the Sahrawi refugee camps
- Presentation of findings and recommendations to Oxfam in Algeria staff, Oxfam-Solidarité
- Review Oxfam’s minimum gender standards in humanitarian response as background documents to inform the research tools; Reference them as needed
- Review project documents and other existing literature focused on gender dynamics in Sahrawi camps
- Use quantitative and qualitative tools, including questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interviews
- Focus on collecting reliable and verifiable data based on representative samples
- Methodology (including research tools) to be developed by consultant based on Goal and Guiding Questions, in conversation with and validated by the country team
- Suggest recommendations and ideas for continuation or adjustment to the program that may benefit Sahrawi communities.
3. Required qualifications and expertise
The consultancy is open for individual consultants or teams and companies. The candidate:
  • Preferably holds a postgraduate degree in social sciences, development studies, gender studies or a related field;
  • Preferably has at least 5 years experience in conducting similar research;
  • Preferably is a team that has a woman researcher;
  • Speaks good Arabic. A foreign language (English or French) is also required;
  • Preferably has knowledgeable about Sahrawi context (preferred);
  • Is willing and available to travel to the Sahrawi refugee camps.
4. Timeline
Research Phase: Feb – Mar 2020
First Draft Finalised: 31 Mar 2020
Second Draft Finalised, Signed Off: 30 Apr 2020
Research Validation & Presentation:31 May 2020
5. External candidates
The documents for the proposal tender and annexes are available on the link :
The deadline is 15 February 2020 at 23.59 (Algerian time) and the proposal should be valid until the 10 March 2020, please send the proposal to
Flickr date taken: 
vrijdag, 31 januari, 2020 t/m zaterdag, 15 februari, 2020